New generations ask for new solutions.
Understand the needs arising from demographic change.
Cities gave birth to civilization as we know it, according to many historians and archeologists. Since the first cities in Mesopotamia came to be thousands of years ago, the growth of global urbanization has been unstoppable. By 2050, more than two-thirds of the world's population will reside in cities, a jump from today's 55 percent.
Whether in direct or indirect ways, all the human lives on the planet depend on forests. Yet, particularly with the rise of industrialization, millions of hectares of forests become depleted due to unsustainable human consumption every year. Since the earliest human settlements, timber has been one of the most popular construction materials.
Doorknobs are among the most touched items in day-to-day life, especially in public spaces like offices, hospitals, or educational institutions. The high intensity of human traffic in these places mean people might be depositing a large volume of harmful bacteria or viruses on doorknobs.
This year, Pritzker Architecture Prize, often referred to as the "Nobel Prize in Architecture", has been granted to Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara. The two women, who are the directors of the Dublin-based Grafton Architects, are the first Irish nationals to receive this honor.
Nowadays, it's common to see a fusion of styles in interior design and architecture. However, when visiting a home in Europe or Asia, one will often still see specific historical and cultural characteristics. What are some of the popular styles on the two continents, and what are the differences and similarities?
"Start where you can," was the motto of the Afghan-born architect Nabeel Hamdi, who was one of the pioneers of humanitarian architecture in the 1960s. Since then, many communities around the world have been through wars and natural disasters.
As the world is getting closer, travel firmly established itself as one of the largest industries in the world, contributing almost USD 8 trillion to the global economy. It employs over 300 million people, which means about one in 10 working persons is in travel.
very three seconds, someone in the world develops dementia. There are currently about 50 million people globally who have Alzheimer's or related dementia. As the disease overwhelmingly affects older persons, Alzheimer's is increasingly more prevalent in the aging societies of Northern America, Western Europe, and East Asia.
As building projects often take years and sometimes even decades, architecture isn't a career for the impatient. Even if architects complete many striking projects, it takes a lifetime for some to get recognized for their work. Nevertheless, the interest in this rewarding career path is on the rise.
Globally, the number of persons aged 80 years or will rise from 137 million in 2017 to 425 million by 2050. These developments create an unprecedented rise in demand for services for older persons. In the United States alone, about 1.5 million people in need of daily assistance reside in retirement homes, a number that steadily keeps rising.
Millennials, the generation born between 1980 and 2000, are taking the offices by storm. As of 2020, 35 percent of the global workforce are millennials, also known as Generation Y. By 2025, this figure will rise to 75 percent. In some of the advanced economies of Europe and North America, they're already the largest working cohort.
A global educational revolution is in the making. University attendance rates are skyrocketing at a dramatic rate. By 2040, there will be around 600 million students around the world enrolled at universities -- up from roughly 216 million in 2016. Even with the global population changes adjusted, this translates into a 200 percent growth in the number of university students.